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2017年公共英语三级试题及答案(阅读理解)

2017-04-15 21:25:07 来源:应届毕业生网
如何提高英语阅读理解能力是很多考生困惑的问题,阅读理解分值较高,很多考生担心影响自己的考试成绩。在公共英语考试之后, yjbys小编为大家分享公共英语三级考试模拟试题及答案解析如下: Text 1。

  如何提高英语阅读理解能力是很多考生困惑的问题,阅读理解分值较高,很多考生担心影响自己的考试成绩。在公共英语考试之后,yjbys小编为大家分享公共英语三级考试模拟试题及答案解析如下:

  Text 1

  WhenKatherine Chon was in fifth grade.she drew a“dream tree”erepresenting the path she

  hopedher life would take.One branch led to Harvard Medical School,Which isexactly what her

  motherhad hoped for when the Chons moved to the U.S.from SouthKorea to give their three children opportunities.

  Always adiligent student,Katherine started to learn medicine at Brown.But then sheadded a

  new limbto her dream tree—one mat her mother still doesn’t understand.Shocked bythe misfortune of some South Korean women,Katherine joinedforces with another Brown student to form the Polaris Project,now one ofthe largest anti-human-trafficking organizations in the country,“It wasreally hard for my parents,”says Katherine.“They had so many life stresses so their children could、get a greateducation and have a comfortable life.”

  Thedreams of parents and children often differ,but the conflict canbe especially painful in

  first-generationimmigrant families where the parents have made enormous sacrifices.Lisa Park,an assistantprofessor at the University of California,San Diego,says that:the focus ofevery family that moves to the United States to provide opportunities for theirchildren is almost always on the future,with little mentionof the circumstances that compelled them to move.And even though the parentsare the ones working 12-hour days,the children ale also under intense pressure to perform in ways thatwill justify the parents’ sacrifice.

  Thecontrast between parents’ dreams andchildren’s realities can be particularly sharp for

  daughterswho have grown up with almost infinite opportunities.Theirmothers often came from

  placeswhere opportunities for women were limited,which makes thedaughters’ choices even harder tounderstand.Mary Lugemwa’s parents encouraged her to study math or science atHarvard.

  Shecomplied at first,majoring in computer science.But she is currentlyworking as a film producer for a nonprofit organization called Meaningful Media.“I sometimesfeel guilty,”she says,

  “having chosen,to bean artist,because I know that if I had chosen a scientific background,I could helpmy parents a lot more.”

  46.WhenKatherine Chon was a fifth—grader,________.

  [A]shehad a great interest in drawing

  [B]she had a clear vision of her future

  [C]shehad an independent personality

  [D]she had a desire to study in the U.S.

  47.It can be inferredfrom the text that Katherine’s mother_______.

  [A]wasdisappointed at her daughter’s decision

  [B]wasshocked by the suffering of some women

  [C]failedto give her kids enough opportunities

  [D]failedto realize her own dream to be a doctor

  48:According tothe text,in first—generation immigrant families,the parents feelfrustrated if

  [A]theyfail to adjust to the circumstances

  [B]theyare forced to make great sacririces

  [C]theirchildren fail to focus on the future

  [D]theirchildren develop against their wishes

  49.According toLisa Park,first—generation immigrant children_______.

  [A]avoidthe slightest mention of their parents’ past

  [B]focuson seizing chances for future development

  [C]workvery hard to justify their parents’ sacrifices

  [D]areunder pressure to fulfill their parents’ dreams

  50.We learnfrom Mary Lugemwa’s case that_______.

  [A]herparents cherished opportunities more than she did

  [B]herparents’ dreams and her reality could bebalanced

  [C]shehad a quite different view of life from her parents

  [D]sheenjoyed infinite opportunities in career development

  Text 2

  MothersAgainst Drunk Driving(MADD)has launched a new public awareness campaign aimedat Canadian Justice Minister Irwin Cotler.“Enough is Enough”advocatesdropping the Criminal Code’s blood alcohol concentration(BAC)limit from 0.08 to 0.05 percent,to“protectinnocent drivers on our roads.”MADD Canada CEO Andrew Murie thinks tllat lowering the BAC limitcould result in a 6-to-18 percent reduction in crash deaths.Butquestions have been raised about the science behind that campaign.

  MADDselectively cites a report published in 2002 by Robert Mann of the MentalHealth

  Centre.Mama,in turn,had gotthose numbers from two separate studies whose data was selected from Sweden andAustralia.The conclusions in Mann’s report seem to ignore the Swedish authors’numerouswarnings and cautions,as well as the limitations in the Australian study.First,theAustralian study examined the effectiveness of breath testing,not loweredBAC levels,on fatal traffic crashes.Also.thatresearch was started in 1976 when“liquid lunches”were far more common.What’s more.the Australian data varied:whereas the state ofQueensland saw the 18 percent decline in fatal accidents cited by MADD’s Murie,inneighboring New South Wales,fatal accidents decreased just 8 percent.

  It isalso reported by the Ontario Community Council that the majority of drivers inalcoholrelated fatal erashes are repeat offenders with BACs over 0.15percent-meaning that the problem is drivers who repeatedly get behind the wheelwith BAC levels twice the legal limit.not social drinkerswho consume a glass of wine or tw0.This makes MADD’sconcern seem wasteful,given the downward trend in alcohol-related tramc deaths.

  TheCanada Safety Council,the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators and theTraffic Injury Research Foundation take issue with MADD’s campaign.Even theOntario Community Council has determined that lowering the BAC would mean morework for police and the courts.

  But toMADD’s Murie,the math question is simple:“If you lower BAClimits,regardless to what

  level,you’ll saveCanadian lives.”Unfortunately,the math doesn’t quite add up.

  51.MADDlaunched a public awareness campaign in order to_______.

  [A]criticizethe Justice Minister

  [B]improve BAC measurement

  [C]restrictdrivers’access to alcohol

  [D]revise the law regarding drunk driving

  52.From thetext we learn that MADD cites a report that________.

  [A]justifiesits new campaign

  [B]is favored by the authorities

  [C]sumsup major public concerns

  [D]is mentioned in two other studies

  53.It isimplied in the text that Mann’s report is unreliable because_______.

  [A]itwas based on some unsound research

  [B]itgot its data from two inconsistent studies

  [C]itwas written in conditions no longer valid

  [D]itignored the limitations of the studies cited

  54.The textindicates that MADD’s campaign_______.

  [A]willnot affect social drinkers

  [B]mayturn out to be of little value

  [C]isgoing to reduce governmental labor

  [D]haswon support from some organizations

  55.The writer’sattitude towards the campaign is_______.

  [A]satirical

  [B]scornful

  [C]suspicious

  [D]supportive

  Text 3

  A recentstudy demonstrated how powerful a few words can be:Fortycompetitive tennis players were shown digital images of balls coming their way.Just beforeeach ball appeared,the players

  saw orheard comments like“Good shot”or“Bad shot.”The reaction times of players hearing

  negativeremarks were measurably slower.And these were athletes who trained frequently to play a consistentgame and not make unforced errors.

  What isthe explanation? Negative feedbackweakens anyone’s belief in his or her ability to

  succeed.But if youcan hold on to a winning attitude,you’ll make a greater effort and also create

  positivedrive.Confident people inspire others;opportunities seemto come their way more often.

  Theybecome magnets for success.

  Learnthe importance of giving yourself pep talks,and keep the voice in yourhead positive.

  The bestathletes,success is rarely due to raw talent alone.It’s becausethey’re simply better pre。

  pared.They stayfocused,they’re willing to work as、hard as they need to,and theykeep the positive voice in their heads switched on.

  Perhapsthe most important aspect of being your own coach is to do what any outside adviserora good parent.for that matter--would preach:practice,practice,practice.Avoidindividuals

  who suckyour energy and diminish your confidence.Hang out with thepeople who see you at your best.and remind you about it very often.Pessimists drag youdown,as do whiners and critics.If there,s onewinning behavior that people building confidence should model,it’s thewillingness to get back into the game after a setback.Don’t nurseyour wounds.

  Thereare,however,important warnings.Panicking can compound a small misstep by causing

  you tolose your head and forget to think clearly.If you suffer aterrible loss,give yourself time to

  absorbthe blow.Don’t deny the hurt or try to solve the problem immediately.Gather yoursupport system around you and simply get nurtured.Sitting around andthinking about your loss is the worst thing you can do to solve your problem.

  56.We learnfrom the first paragraph that_______.

  [A]excellentperformance often goes with well-trained players

  [B]excellentperformance often goes with positive comments

  [C]high-techmethods help players avoid unforced errors

  [D]high-techmethods increase players’competitiveness

  57.People whowant to succeed should first imagine themselves to be_________.

  [A]anobserver

  [B]an inspirer

  [C]a creator

  [D]a winner

  58.The phrase“pep talks”in Paragraph3 means’talks’which________.

  [A]encouragepeople

  [B]entertain people

  [C]impresspeople

  [D]interest people

  59.The writerthinks that you should keep company with those who______.

  [A]pointout your mistakes

  [B]tolerate your weaknesses

  [C]emphasizeyour strengths

  [D]understand your complaints

  60.In"theface of a severe loss.the best thing you can do is to________.

  [A]denythe hurt

  [B]try to forget it

  [C]solve it at once

  [D]accept it calmly

  Part B

  Directions:

  Read thetexts from a magazine section called“Letters”in whichfive people commented on a spe.cial report on new medicines.For questions 61 to65,match the name of each person to one of the statements(A to G)givenbelow.Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1.

  Ann Best:

  Yourspecial report on new medicines showed there is thrilling promise in future“cures”for so

  manydiseases that threaten mankind.But how will"ordinary folks pay for these modem miracles?

  One drugcompany is hopeful that the savings involved in developing these medicines“willtranslate into pure profit for investors.”This can onlyrestilt in a problem for me:Shall I buy food,pay therent or get the medicines I need?

  Tom Waken:

  As acitizen who has been critical of drug companies because of the high drug price,I found

  thatyour report about the new medicines has softened my stand.Thecompanies say they have to charge more for their drugs so they can do researchfor better medicines.Now that I’ve read about the newer and better drugs,1 willgladly go on paying for my medications,knowing I am makinga good investment in better living.

  Robert H.Kamm:

  We allwant to live longer and healthier lives,but taking pills torescue us from our self-abusive lifestyle only masks real problems and ends upcosting us billions of dollars a year.We oqght

  to beinvesting at。least as much in trying to discover why millions of us behave inways that are not in our best interest smoking,drinking,0verworking,under-exercisingand generally doing things that are bad for our health.

  John J.Bagshaw:

  The costof poor health is shocking and goes well beyond dollars.But theapproach that offers the best solution,reduces risk,cuts demandand gets people healthy and fit is prevention.The U.S.is a nationof chronic diseases.It will get much worse.because we never deal with the causes.Individual Americansneed to bring this issue to a boil and keep it there until we get a health—care systembased on prevention.

  Laurel Woods:

  While Iapplaud the research being done in the field of medicine.I arn alsoaware that good

  thingscan go bad in an instant.I have heart disease.and I had a negative reaction to a new treatment:the resultwas a long hospital stay.We should remember that caution has to be applied when being treatedwith a new medicine.Nothing will replace the human element that must be present in acaring medical community.

  Nowmatch the name of each pemon(61 to 65)to the appropriate statement.

  Note:there aretwo extra statements.

  Statements

  61.AnnBest

  62.TomWaken

  63.Robert H.Kamm

  64.John J.Bagshaw

  65.LaurelWoods

  [A]Prevention should always comebefore treatment.

  [B] A new medical treatmentneeds to be administered with Calltion.

  [C]Pills often perform miracles on peoplewho take them.

  [D]A change of behavior counts more thanreliance on drugs.

  [E]However good the new drugs,theiraffordability is first and foremost.

  [F]New drugs shguld nor beput onto the market until proven effective.

  [G]Drug companies arejustified to sell their products at higher prices.

  阅读理解答案

  PartA

  参考译文

  Text 1

  凯瑟琳·千在上小学五年级时,画了一棵“梦想树”,这棵树代表了她期待自己未来生活将要走的道路。其中一个枝干表示她想读哈佛大学医学院,而这个梦想确切地说是她妈妈对她的期待。千氏夫妇带着孩子从韩国移民到美国主要是为了给他们的三个孩子提供更多的机会。

  凯瑟琳一直是个勤奋的学生,并曾在布朗大学学习医学。然而她在“梦想树”上又增加了一个新的枝干,并且她妈妈对她这个新的梦想很不理解。凯瑟琳由于对一些韩国妇女的不幸遭遇感到很震惊,因此和布朗大学另外一个学生共同组建了“北极星项目”组织,该组织周前是美国国内最大的反人口贩运组织之一。凯瑟琳说:“我爸妈真的非常辛苦,他们承受着各种各样的生活压力,目的就是让自己的孩子受到好的教育,过上舒服的日子。”

  父母和孩子的梦想总是不同的,但是在父母做出巨大牺牲的第一代移民家庭中,父母和孩子彼此间的冲突尤为剧烈。加州大学圣地亚哥分校助理教授丽萨·帕克谈到,为了给孩子提供更多的机会而移民到美国的家庭几乎只关注自己家庭未来的发展,很少提及当初迫使他们做出移民决定的其他因素。既然父母都一天工作l2个小时,那么孩子们也要顶着巨大的压力去表现,因为只有这样他们才能对得起父母的牺牲。

  对于那些成长在面对无限机遇环境下的女孩子们来说,父母的梦想和自己的现实所形成的反差尤其显著。她们的母亲大多来自一些妇女获得各种机会受限的国家,因此她们对于女儿的选择更难理解。玛丽·路姆娃的父母鼓励她去哈佛学数学或科学。刚开始,她顺从了,主修计算机科学。但现在她在有意义媒体这个非盈利性组织担任制片人。她说:“选择成为一名艺术家有时让我感到很内疚,因为我知道如果我选择一个有科学背景的行业,能帮到父母更多。”

  46.B【精析】细节题。根据第一段第一句和第二句

  “When Katherine Chon was in fifth grade,she drew a“dream tree”representingthe path she

  hopedher life would take.One branch led to Har

  vard Medical School…”可知凯瑟琳从小就立志上哈佛大学医学院,可见“她对未来有清晰的规划”,故选B。

  47.A【精析】推理题。第一段提及凯瑟琳妈妈希望她学医,第二段提及妈妈对其成立北极星组织不理解,可推知“凯瑟琳的妈妈对女儿的决定感到很失望”,故选A。

  48.D 【精析】细节题。根据第三段第一句“The dreams of parents and children often differ,but the coflict can be especially painful…sacrifices.”

  可知,“父母和孩子的梦想总是不同的,但是在父母做出巨大牺牲的第一代移民家庭中,父母和孩子彼此间的冲突尤为剧烈”,由此可知如果孩子违背了父母的愿望,父母会感到很受挫,故选D。

  49.D【精析】细节题。根据第三段最后一句“And even though the parents are the onesworking 12 hour days,thechildren…that will justify the parents’sacrifice.”可知,父母一天工作12个小时,孩子要对得起父母做出的牺牲。由此可知孩子为了对得起父母的辛苦,要顶着巨大的压力努力实现父母的梦想,故选D。

  50.C【精析】推理题。根据最后一段对玛丽·路姆娃这个故事的描述可知,她开始时顺从父母的愿望,后来违背父母愿望,做自己喜欢的工作,由此可推知得出,她和父母有着截然不同的生活观,故选C。

  参考译文

  Text 2

  反对醉驾母亲协会发起了一场新的公共意识运动,这场运动针对的是加拿大司法部长欧文·科特勒。为了保护路上无辜的司机。“适可而止”运动提倡将有犯罪代码之称的血液酒精浓度的限制由0.08%下调至0 05%。加拿大反对醉驾母亲协会首席执行官安朱·梅利认为,调低血液酒精浓度限制有助于减少6%到l8%的交通死亡人数。但随之这场运动背后的科学性问题也被提出来了。

  反对醉驾母亲协会随机引用了心理健康中心罗伯特·曼于2002年发表的一篇报告中的内容。然而,曼所得到的数据主要来自瑞典和澳大利亚两个独立的研究中心。报告中最后的结论似乎忽略了瑞典作者大量的警告和提醒,同样也忽视了澳大利亚人研究中的不足。首先,澳大利亚研究的侧重点是呼吸检验,而不是降低血液酒精浓度的限制水平,在避免致命交通事故中所起到的作用。此外,这一研究开始于1976年,当时以酒为主的“液体午餐”非常普遍。另外,具体情况不同,澳大利亚的数据也有一定的变化。例如,反对醉驾母亲协会的梅利提到,昆士兰州致命交通事故的比例降低了18%,而它的邻居新南威尔士州则仅仅降低了8%。

  安大略湖社区理事的报道称,由酒精引起致命交通事故的大部分司机都是惯犯,其本身血液酒精浓度都超过了0.15%。这意味着,经常开车的司机的血液酒精浓度是法定血液酒精浓度的两倍,他们不是喝一两杯红酒的普通人。这使得反对醉驾母亲协会所关心的内容显得有点浪费时间,因为由酒精引起的致命交通事故呈下降趋势。

  加拿大安全理事会、加拿大汽车运输管理者理事会及交通损伤研究机构也加入到了反对醉驾母亲协会所提倡的这一运动中,尽管安大略湖社区理事会已经意识到降低血液酒精浓度意味着警方和法庭将增加工作量。但对于加拿大反对醉驾母亲协会的梅利来说,计算方法非常简单,即“如果降低血液酒精浓度的限制,不管降低多少,都是在挽救加拿大人的生命。”不幸的是,这种计算方法不能简单相加。

  51.C【精析】细节题。根据第一段第二句“‘Enough is Enough’advocatesdropping the Criminal Code’s blood alcohol concentration(BAC)limit from 0.08 to 0.05 percent…”可知,“适可而止”运动主要目的是为了降低血液酒精浓度限制,即限制司机对酒精的摄取,故选c。

  52.D 【精析】细节题。根据第二段第一、二句“MADD selectively cites a report published in 2002 by Robert Mann...from two separate studies whose data was selected from Sweden and Australia.”可知,反对醉驾母亲协会引用的是罗伯特·曼发表的内容,

  而罗伯特·曼所获得的数据信息来源于瑞典和澳大利亚两个不同研究,由此可知,反对醉驾母亲协会所引用的内容在其他两项研究中提到过,故选D。

  53.D 【精析】细节题。根据第二段第三句“The conclusions in Mann’Sreport seem to ignore the Swedish authors’numerouswarnings and cautions,as well as the limitations in theAustralianstudy.”可知,曼的报告之所以不可信是因为报告忽略了所引用研究中的不足,故选D。

  54.B【精析】推理题。根据文中第三段内容可知,交通事故发生主要是因为开车司机血液酒精浓度含量超标,而不是因为他们偶尔喝了一两杯红酒,因此反对醉驾母亲协会的担心是多余的,由此可推知其倡导的运动有可能会毫无意义,故选B。

  55.C 【精析】作者观点题。根据全文作者对这场运动提出的一系列问题及文章最后一段作者表示梅利的计算方法不能简单相加可知,作者对此事持有怀疑的态度,故选C。

  参考译文

  Text 3

  一项最新研究显示,有些词产生的威力很大。俩如,网球以数字图像的形式出现在四十位竞争实力相当的网球选手面前。每个球出现之前,选手都会看到或听到诸如“好球”或“臭球”之类的评语。选手听到负面评价时,发球反应明显变慢。他们都是些训练确素的专业运动员,一般不会自己造成失误。

  这是为什么呢?因为负面反馈信息降低了他们的自信心。如果心里想着成功,那你就会为了获得威功付出巨大的努力并产生积极的动力。自信的人会鼓舞他人;机会似乎也经常光顾自信的人。他们对威功有着巨大的吸引力。

  所以应该学习为自己加油鼓劲的重要性,让自己的头脑中时刻回荡着积极的声音。优秀运动员的成功很少仅仅归功于天生的才能,他们成功的真正原因是准备得很充分。他们专注于自己所从事的事,如果有需要,他们愿意努力训练,并且头脑中时刻回荡着积极的声音。

  如果你是自己的教练,那么最重要的一点就是要像任何一个外界建议者或者一个好的父母那样告诫自己:练习,练习,再练习。避免和吸于你的能量,降低你的自信的人在一起,要和那些欣赏你的人待在一块,并经常提醒自己这一点。悲观的人会把你带入一种消极情绪中,就像爱抱怨的人和爱批评别人的人一样。如果有一种建立自信心的模式,那就是受伤后。主动回到比赛中,别管自己的伤口。

  但是,这里也有一些重要的警告。恐惧可能会使得你精神萎靡,从而不能清楚地思考,以至于产生一些小小的失误。如果你遭受了严重的损失,给自己点时间慢慢接受所遇到的挫折。不要否定挫折给自己所带来的伤害或者急于解决问题。让支持你的正面力量重新聚集到你身边,并让自己受其滋养。闲坐在那儿思考自己的损失是解决问题最糟糕的手段。

  56.B【精析】细节题。根据第一段第三句“the reaction times of playershearing negative remarks were measurably slower.”可知,选手听到负面评价会影响发挥,由此推知,接收到正面评价会有好的表现,故选B。

  57.D【精析】推理题。根据第二段内容可知,如果心里想着自己能够赢,就会不断付出努力,产生积极奋斗的动力,最后也才更有可能成功,由此可推知,一个人如果想成功,首先要想象自己是个赢家,故选D。

  58.A 【精析】细节题。根据第三段第一句中“pep talks”后面内容“keep the voice in yourhead positive”可知,既然是头脑中回荡着积极的声音,那前面说的话肯定是为自己加油鼓劲的话,可知pep talks指的是鼓励人的话,故选A。

  59.C【精析】细节题。根据第四段第二句和第三句

  “Avoidindividuals who suck your energy and diminishyour confidence.Hang out with the people who see you at your best,and remind you about it every SO often.”可知,要和那些鼓励欣赏你的人在一块,不要和那贬低你能力的人、让自己产生不自信的人在一块,由此推知,作者建议要和那些给你加油鼓劲的人在一块,故选C。

  60.D【精析】细节题。根据最后一段第三句和第四句“Ifyou suffer a terrible loss.give yourself time to absorb the blow.Don’t deny the hurt ortry to solve the problemimmediately.”可知,遇到挫折不要急着否定自己的伤痛,也不要立刻解决所遇到的问题,而是要给自己点时间,慢慢接受所遇到的挫折,故选D。

  Part B

  参考译文

  下面这段文字是5个人对于专题报道中提到的新药的不同评论。

  安·百斯特:

  你专题报道中提到的新药对威胁人类的多种疾病的治愈有令人振奋的前景。但是普通人如何支付的起这些现代神奇的药品呢?一家制药公司希望研发这些药品所赚的钱“直接转化为纯利润进入投资者的口袋中”。对我来说,唯一的问题是:我是用钱来买食物呢,付房租呢,还是用来买药呢?

  汤姆·瓦肯:

  作为一个普通市民,我总是指责制药公司把药品的价格定得太高了,然而我发现你对新药的报道动摇了我的立场。制药公司说他们必须把药品价格定的高一些才能有资金做研究,从而研发出更好的药品。既然我知道有更新、更好的药品,那么我也很乐意支付我的药物治疗费用,因为我意识到自己是为了更好的生活在进行投资。

  罗伯特·卡姆:

  我们都希望自己长命百岁,身体健康,但是通过吃药将我们从自虐的生活方式中拯救出来仅仅掩盖了,而没有真正解决问题,并让我们一年花数十亿的钱来买药。我们至少要找找原因,想想为什么数以百万计的人过着对自已不利的生活——吸烟,酗酒,过劳,缺乏锻炼.总之做一些对健康不利的事情。

  约翰·巴格肖:

  健康状况不好付出的代价是惨重的,有时不仅仅是需要花钱的事儿了。提供最佳解决途径、降低风险、减少需求、让人们变得健康的方法就是预防。美国的慢性病有很多种。正是因为我们从来没有找出原因,所以情况更为糟糕。美国人需要将这个问题提上议程讨论直到获得一个以预防为基础的保健体系。

  劳拉·伍兹:

  尽管我为医药领域所取得的研究成功鼓掌祝贺,但同时我也意识到好事儿可能一下就变成坏事儿了。我患有心脏病,并且对新的治疗有排斥反应,结果就是我住了很长时间医院。我们应该记住,一种新药被投入使用之前,各种禁忌都要被测试到。在关怀医药体系中,没有什么能取代人的成分。

  61.E【精析】主旨题。安·百斯特认为新药能治愈威胁人类的多种疾病这个消息很令人振奋,但是同时对药品高额的费用提出了自己的看法,这与E项“不管新药效果多好,它的费用是人们首要的考虑因素”表示的意思相同。故选E。

  62.G【精析】主旨题。汤姆·瓦肯从报道中了解到新药之所以费用高是因为制药公司需要资金进行更新的药品研究,而买这些药品就像是为自己高质量的生活投资一样,因此花高价买药也是可以接受的,这与G项“制药公司药价高是合理的”表示的意思相同,故选G。

  63.D【精析】主旨题。罗伯特·卡姆认为身体不健康主要是自己不良的生活习惯导致的,如果改变了自己的生活方式,就不用花那么多钱去买药了。这与D项“改变生活习惯比吃药更有用”表示的意思相同,故选D。

  64.A【精析】主旨题。约翰·巴格肖认为美国的慢性病有很多种,让人们身体健康的有效途径是建立以预防为基础的保健体系,这与A项“预防在治疗之前”表示的意思相同,故选A。

  65.B【精析】主旨题。劳拉·伍兹根据自己对新药产生排斥反应这一亲身经历强调用新药之前,一定要测试各种禁忌,这与B项“新药治疗必须要了解其中禁忌”表示的意思相同,故选B。

作者: 编辑:未闻
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